Travel & Tourism generated a total impact of $106 billion of Russia’s in 2011. Travel & Tourism GDP is larger than that of the automotive manufacturing, communication services, and education sectors. In terms of its direct GDP, Travel & Tourism is approximately one-third the size of the financial services sector in Russia. Based on its direct, indirect, and induced GDP impact, Travel & Tourism generated 5.9% of Russia's GDP in 2011. This is more than twice the size of communication services’ GDP impact at 2.9%.